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How to venture into a profitable catfish farming in Nigeria



Catfish farming is a very lucrative agricultural business. There are two major types of catfish farming, which you can either operate separately or together. These particular two types are the nursery catfish farming and the grow out catfish farming. Although in catfish farming the grow out catfish is dependent of the nursery catfish because you can’t actually grow catfish without the nursery.
Furthermore, the nursery is all about the inducement of the female fish to lay eggs, which are then fertilized, incubated and later hatched. These little fishes are actually known as fries. The fries are then nurtured from about 3 to 4 weeks into fingerlings which is the size suitable for use in the grow out catfish farming. Starting a catfish farming business is a major investment operation, therefore one actually need to be very careful.
The primary operation in catfish farming is the nursery and grow out operation. The nursery and grow out operation involves the nurturing of the catfish from 3 or 4 weeks where they grow into post fingerlings, mini juveniles and juveniles respectively. Also the catfish can be nurtured from 4 to 5 month into grow out or table size catfish, which is suitable for sale and consumption. The following are what are involved in catfish farming if you actually want to venture into the business;

      1. Getting a land or a space: Getting a land or a space is very important. You need to acquire at least half plot of land in a suitable location. Make sure you consider access to good road, also closeness to market and labor.

    2. Building of pond: Before you think of starting a catfish farming business you need to determine whether you want to go into a big or a small-scale commercial catfish farming. And again you need to determine the kind of pond you want to build, whether it is re-circulatory system or whether it is earthen pond or concrete/plastic pond or both.

     3.  Proximity to water supply: From my little experience one of the best water for catfish farming is from bore hole. 1 or 2 bore hole must be sunk to guarantee steady water supply. Make sure you install an overhead tank for holding water.


    4. The construction of pond: In the area of pond construction it is advisable to engage the service of a consultant. Without been told the success or failure of this project actually depends largely on the construction of a standard pond that can stand the test of time.

Furthermore, in constructing or designing a pond for catfish production one of the major things to consider is the flatness or steepness of the area and also the source of water supply.


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